Rhamnaceae (family name)
Forage for Pollinators: Produces Nectar for bees including honeybees, beetles, moths, butterflies, wasps, flies. Bees may also feed on its Pollen.
Flowering time: June, July, August.
Growing information: DECIDUOUS SHRUB growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in). Lime tolerant, but not good on shallow chalky soil. Hardy to minus 31ºC. Prefers sun or partial shade and average to dry, free-draining conditions. Fixes nitrogen in the soil. Drought tolerant and under severe conditions, the leaves become yellow and shrivel, but revive with rain. A refreshing tea is made from the dried leaves, and is a good substitute for china tea but without the caffeine. Used medicinally in the treatment of bronchial complaints, dysentery, sore throats and tonsillitis. A decoction of the bark is used as a skin wash for cancer and venereal sores.